The History of Chewing Gum

Gum for chewing is supple, solid substance whose purpose is for chewing but not for swallowing. People have utilized chewing gum for over five thousand years. Present day gum for chewing was initially made out of a substance known as chicle. During the 60s, chicle had been supplanted by a substance known as butadiene, a manufactured rubber that’s far less expensive to produce. Most gums that are designed to be chewed are deemed to be polymers. In this article, we will explore the history of this type of gum, its health benefits as well as some of the more unusual details of the product.

The Origins of Chewing Gum

Ancient Origins

Gum made specifically for chewing in all its different varieties, has been around for as far back as the Neolithic era. Chewing gum dating back 5 thousand years, which was produced out of bark tar, which contained imprints of teeth, has been discovered in the Kierikki, Yli-Ii area of Finland. The types of that the gum for chewing was constructed is thought to have some properties that can be classed as anti-septic in nature. The people at livescience.com have produced a concise article about the history of chewing gum, “Modern chewing gum dates from the 1860s, when a substance called chicle was developed. Chicle was originally imported from Mexico as a rubber substitute and was tapped from a tropical evergreen tree named Manilkara chicle in the same way that latex is tapped from a rubber tree. Chicle gum became more popular than gums made from resins because it was smoother, softer and held its flavor longer. Now, most gums are made from synthetic bases because they are cheaper and more readily available.” You will find further reading here.

Gum Becomes Saleable

Types of gum that was designed to be chewed were additionally utilized within Ancient cultures such as the one in Greece. The Greek civilization bit mastic gum. Many different societies have chewed over substances that have gum like qualities, which were produced out of vegetation, foliage, and saps. Native Indians in America, for example chewed resin produced out of the juice from spruce trees. Pilgrims in the New England area copied this custom, and during 1848, a Mr. John B. Curtis improved and put on sale the very first gum specifically designed to be chewed, and it was known as “The State of Maine Pure Spruce Gum”. In approximately 1850, a chewing gum produced out of a wax like by-product of parafin was created and soon surpassed the gum made from spruce tree resin, in reputation.

Chewing Gum and Health

Sugarless gum which is sweetened with a product known as xylitol has transpired to demonstrate a propensity to lessen the chances of plaque build-up and tooth decay. Sorbitol, which is another artificial sweetener, is known to have a similar result in aiding good dental health, as xylitol has, although it is only about one-third as effective as xylitol has proven to be in lab tests.

It is not just synthetic sweeteners, such as Xylitol and sorbitol that are contained within gum, but additionally there are a lot of supplementary manmade sweeteners, for example aspartame, which do not cause tooth rot either, in spite of the fact that they are exceptionally sweet.

The chemical element fluoride is a further dynamic element in gum, which fortifies tooth enamel, an alternate p-chlorbenzyl-4-methylbenzylpiperazine that has the ability to avert travel queasiness. Chewing down on gum not just augments saliva creation and fortifies the enamel coating on teeth, it additionally does not adhere to dentures, particularly the Freedent mark gum, in view of the fact that it is less sticky, and in addition it also whitens teeth.

The Prevention of Tooth Decay

Foodstuffs as well as sucrose can give rise to a dramatic impact on the enamel coating of teeth, which has been diminished by the addition of an element known as calcium lactate, to foodstuffs. Calcium lactate, which has been put into toothpaste, has lessened tartar formation. One report has indicated calcium lactate increases enamel strengthening when it gets put into chewing gum containing xylitol, yet an alternate study demonstrated no extra strengthening benefits due to the inclusion of calcium lactate or any additional calcium mixes in the gum products.

A Cure for Bad Breath

One supportive approach to curing stale breath (halitosis) is to make sure that you chew gum, provided it is of the sugar-free variety. This is due to the fact that chewing down on gum encourages the elimination of the tiny specs of food, which can remain in the mouth, which then break-down causing all kinds of nasty whiffs, and the mint or other flavorings added to the chewing gum, acts as a natural breath freshener. Chewing gum without sugar for at least a 20 minute period of time straight after you have consumed a repast, helps forestall tooth decay, consistent with the advice of the ADA (the American Dental Association), on the grounds that the process of chewing down on to the gum (so long as it does not contain any sugar) yields more salvia to assist with the obliteration of any lingering microbes in the mouth, which ultimately, helps to protect teeth for much longer periods of time. Making us of gum for chewing, after the eating of a meal supplants the need brush and floss, in the event that that is not conceivable, to avoid a certain amount of the decaying of teeth, whilst at the same time boosting salvia production.

Chewing Gum and the Stomach

Chewing gum can be utilized as an innovative technique as a remedy of what is known as gastroesophageal reflux disease. A speculation states chewing gum invigorates the creation of additional bicarbonate-holding saliva and escalates the degree of ingesting. Subsequent to the saliva being downed, it kills harsh acids in the throat. In actuality, chewing gum overstates the ordinary form that kills acids contained within the esophagus. In spite of this, chewing gum can be, in some cases recognized to help the advancement of ulcers within the stomach, this is because it encourages the stomach lining to emit acid as well as encouraging the pancreas to manufacture digestive catalysts that aren’t needed. In a few instances, when using huge amounts of gum holding sorbitol, gas or the runs might happen.

Potential Carcinogens

Concern has emerged about the conceivable cancer-causing nature of vinyl acetic acid derivation (acidic harsh corrosive ethenyl ester) utilized by a few producers as a part of bases of their chewing gums. The government of Canada, has recently categorized the element as a “possibly high peril substance.” Then again, on 31 January 2009, the Canadian administration’s last evaluation presumed that contact with vinyl acetic acid is not recognized to be unsafe to the health of humans.

Swallowing Gum

An old fable tells the story that if ingested, gum will stay in a person’s gut for as many as seven years, due to the fact that it’s not very absorbable by the stomach. As per numerous medical judgments, there appears to be minimal genuineness in the origin of the fable. Much of the time, ingested chewing gum will travel through the body’s digestive system as fast as other foodstuffs.

Complications

One or two situations have come about, where the swallowing of chewing gum has brought about medical problems that required health check-up. And in 1998 a paper portrays a kid of 4 years of age, being affected with a history of severe constipation lasting more than 2 years. It transpired that he had been swallowing chewing gum on a regular basis, and he was awarded the chewing gum up as a prize for first-rate manners, this could be as much as 5 times per day in total. This amount of swallowed chewing gum had accumulated in his stomach and had restricted his ability to pass solid material. In another case, and 18 month-old girl needed urgent medical treatment when she attempted to swallow some chewing gum, which had 4 coins stuck to it; this then lodged in her throat and caused her great distress. Although small amounts of gum if swallowed should not pose a risk to health, in large quantities it can cause problems that may require medical attention. As a rule of thumb, children under the age of 6 or 7 should not be given gum to chew, and those over that age should be made aware of the fact that gum is not meant to be swallowed.

The Banning of Chewing Gum

Numerous schools don’t permit the chewing of gum in light of the fact that scholars regularly discard it improperly, the chewing of gum could be diverting in the classroom, and that chewed gum when discarded inappropriately, may convey maladies or microorganisms from one student to another.

The government of the Asian country of Singapore outlawed the chewing of gum during 1992 in light of the fact that it was turning into a threat when it was jammed into the sliding entryways of metro train carriages. Nonetheless, during 2002 new legislature permitted sugar free gum to be allowed on sale in drug stores if a specialist or dental practitioner recommended it.

Chewed gum can sometimes be stuck to the underside of seats and counters or to the exterior of walkways, and is challenging to eliminate when it has dried out, and this has caused major problems in cities across the world, with the removal of gum being a time consuming and expensive procedure.

The Bottom Line

There is no doubt that there are many advantages to chewing gum, not least the fact that it can help to freshen breath and remove tartar from teeth. Nevertheless, there are some downsides to chewing gum, and that is the irresponsible people who deposit their used gum upon seats and pavements, which can cause damage to clothing as well as having the ability to spread diseases. This is one of the major downsides to chewing gum products, and many countries spend hundreds of thousands of dollars in the cleaning processes that are associated with the cleaning up of spent gum, which has been spat out irresponsibly. The goal, I guess, is to produce a gum that has the same qualities as the chewing gum we have now, but with the added benefit that it does not stick to flooring and clothing.