The African continent is commonly divided into five subregions: North or Northern Africa, West Africa, Central or Middle Africa, East Africa, and Southern Africa.

North Africa

North Africa refers to the northern part of the African continent. Today’s Northern Africa:

Algeria

Egypt

Libya

Morocco

South Sudan

Sudan

Tunisia

Western Sahara

West Africa

West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost portion of Africa. Today’s West African Countries:

Benin

Burkina Faso

 Cape Verde

Ivory Coast

Gambia

Ghana

Guinea

Guinea-Bissau

Liberia

Mali

Mauritania

Niger

Nigeria

Saint Helena

Senegal

Sierra Leone

Togo

Central Africa

Central Africa is a region in the center of Africa that stretches across the equator and partly along the Atlantic Ocean. Today’s Central African or Middle African countries are:

Angola

Cameroon

Central African Republic

Chad

Republic of the Congo

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Equatorial Guinea

Gabon

São Tomé and Príncipe

East Africa

East Africa is the term used to describe the eastern part of the continent, including the islands in the Indian Ocean. Today’s East African Countries are:

Burundi

Comoros

Djibouti

Eritrea

Ethiopia

Kenya

Madagascar

Malawi

Mauritius

Mozambique

Réunion

Rwanda

Seychelles

Somalia

Tanzania

Uganda

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Southern Africa

The southern part of the African continent is called Southern Africa, also to distinguish the region from the state of South Africa, the southernmost country on the continent. Today’s Southern African countries are:

Botswana

Lesotho

Namibia

South Africa

Swaziland